The Red Star
sniper of the 1920s using Zeiss optics and
a split ring arrangement.
Sniper bolt and
PE scope types.
PE focus adjustable top and PEM lower non-adjustable
Close up of a PE
top mount and scope.
Top mount hex receiver
left side rear view perspective.
m/91-30 PE sniper
Hex style base used
on PE snipers from 1932-1936.
Hex receiver base
rear perspective view.
and issued PE scope
and reissued m/91-30 PE sniper rifle. This gun is
dated 1935 and
has some unique
tabs installed to prevent unwanted slipping of the
windage and elevation knobs.
PEM round receiver
left side perspective. This gun is dated 1937
PE round receiver
base viewed from above showing the six screws used
to fasten it to the receiver.
The base was also
often silver soldered as well as screwed to attain
a truly immovable base.
Close up of a top
mount PE mount
Round receiver rear
base perspective view.
PEM top mount scope
left side perspective. 1936
Rear view of top
mount PE sniper showing the tunnel in the mount that
allows for use of the iron sights.
PE mid tube focus
adjustment as found on some transitional model PE
scopes. These scopes are dated between 1935 and 1937
and seem to bridge the gap between the early rear
focus PE and the non adjustable focus PEM.
As above but the
opposite non-bolt side view
The dates for PEM
style scopes are found on the elevation/windage housing
Side rail PEM full
view bolt side
Right side bolt
view of the side rail sniper m/91-30 PEM
Top mount. PEM full
view bolt side.
Ishevsk maker mark
on the side rail style mount used very briefly in
Left side close
up of the side rail PEM. Note the stock relief. Many
of the these guns did not have this relief and removal
of the mount is nearly impossible without removal
of the action from the stock.
Close up of the
side rail mount. Note the relief on the front to
indicate full seating and the knurled tapered locking
screw on the rear to tighten the mount to the rail.
The mount is adjustable for rough windage by tightening
and loosening the screws on the rear portion of the
mount. A graduated scale is present on the rear to
indicate settings. The forward screw acts as a pivot
A closer view of
the side rail in perspective. The rough adjustment
scale for windage is evident in this picture and
the relief in the stock to allow mounting by sliding
on from the rear.
Left side perspective
of the side rail m/91-30 PEM sniper. This gun is
Reticule view of
the PE sniper scope set at 100m.
Stock markings from
a m/91-30 1939 dated PEM sniper made at Tula.
logos found on PE, PEM, PU and SVT scopes.
The three versions
of the PE series scope. Top to bottom. The PE focus
adjustable in a top mount configuration. This scope
was made from 1932 to 1936. The next is a top mount
configured set up again but this scope is the simplified
or modified version now called the PEM. It is not
focus adjustable. This scope was manufactured from
1936 to 1940. The top mount system was used from
1932 to 1936 on hex receiver guns and from 1936 to
1938 on round receiver guns. The bottom scope and
mount is the last production version in a side mounted
design. This type of mount was used from 1938 to
1940 and for a very brief time in early 1942.
Mosin Nagant sniper
series from the earliest work up to the last version
of bolt action sniper issued by the Red Army, the
PU. The PU pictured is a 1947 produced weapon. From
top to bottom: Dragoon work up of a sniper-PE top
mount hex receiver 1934- PEM round receiver 1937-PEM
side rail 1939-PU 1947. All but the PU is Tula produced
PE series left side
perspective. From top to bottom: Hex receiver top
mount PE 1932 to mid 1936-round receiver PEM top
mount mid1936 to early 1938- side rail PEM early
1938 to early 1940 and again briefly in early 1942.
PEM side mount with
a lightweight cotton scope/breech cover fitted.
cover of the first variant with the side pocket for
the bore sight tool.
The PE bore sighting
instrument. This was carried in the pocket on the
side of the scope/breech cover. It was inserted into
the bore and used to compare the telescopic sight
picture with the view presented in the bore sight
for accurate rough reticule adjustment done with
a minimum of time expended.
Soviet m/91-30 PE
Finnish captured with [SA] marked mount and gun compared
to its Finnish rival the m/39SOV made with captured Soviet optics fit to the excellent m/39 rifle. This was an outstanbding snipers weapon and was successful enough for the Finns to begin wartime production of a copy of the Soviet mount to increase the number of units in the field. They never met demand with less then 500 ever being made..
Finnish made version
of the Soviet PE top mount. Fabricated by VKT for
the m/39 SOV sniper rifle
Finnish m/39 SOV
sniper rifle with VKT fabricated mount. It is almost
identical to the Soviet versions but for the attachment
screws which are not knurled. The Finnish captured
scope also Have its lens caps on.
Right side view
of the SOV scope and mount.
The serial number
of the mount is 104 of less than 200 reported made.