The Ammo Section Of Mosin-Nagant
110 Years Of The 7.62X54R
From Gene Whitehead
The system of markings and colors used
on military 7.62x54R ammunition may seem cryptic at first
but by using the information below you will be able to
identify almost any 7.62x54R military cartridge. We will
even show you how to identify cartridges from the Arabic
nations that produced 54R ammunition. Most countries followed
the Soviet system of markings. Some used only parts of
it and then there are countries such as Finland that used
a completely different system.
To accurately identify the cartridge,
you must look at both the bullet tip color and the headstamp
codes. They must be taken together because a color from
one country may not mean the same thing in another. The
date is important as well. A copper colored bullet could
be one of a couple different types depending upon when
it was manufactured.
The cartridge headstamp will contain
the date and a factory code. This is essential information
to any country's military. If rifles and machine guns start
blowing up it is important to track down where and when
the ammunition was manufactured. Thus, the reason for separate
codes for each member of the Warsaw Pact. As collectors,
we'll take advantage of that information to identify our
Think of the headstamp as the face
of a clock. The most common layout puts the factory code/number
at 12 o'clock and the date code at 6 o'clock. There are
always exceptions, but these will be covered.
Use the information below to identify
your cartridge. Click on the country to
view a more detailed report on that nation's 7.62x54R ammunition.
There are pictures of cartridges, boxes
and tins. The small pictures are linked to larger ones,
click on them for greater detail. A picture of each headstamp
is viewable by clicking on the factory code below.
The information is divided by country, complete with pictures
of cartridges from that specific country. Click on the
title "Bullet Types and Tip Color Codes" for
pictures and explanations of each type of bullet used in
7.62x54R ammunition. As these are large files the links
will open a new window to view the information. To
return to this page just close the new window and you will
return here by default.
The factory codes listed are those
which produced 7.62x54R. Other factories/codes may exist
for a particular country, but I have not included them
here unless they actually produced 7.62x54R ammunition.
The Russian code 270 is an example. The 270 code was used
on 7.62x39 and 5.45 ammunition, but not on 7.62x54R.
Click on the country
name, picture of cartridges or headstamp code to view
Gene Whitehead USA Cartridge Collector
who sectioned the rounds you see pictured.
who helped review these pages catching some omissions
|A. Eichener, JW, Sauer38h
|54R rounds purchased
from or provided by the following collectors:
|KB, L&D, TG, JM,
PM, DS, VT and many others
Soviet and Eastern Powers
Ammunition by Phillipe Regenstreif
Small Caliber Ammunition Identification
Guide Volume 1 by the Defense Intelligence Agency
Small and Medium Caliber Military
Cartridges by J. Lenselink and W.D. De Hek
Jane's Ammunition Handbook
by Jane's Defense Weekly