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From top to bottom, a sample of German bayonets that utilized the standard pattern ersatz scabbard for socket bayonets. The top two bayonets are captured Russian M91 socket bayonets. The bottom two are German ersatz bayonets produced with blades from obsolete British P53 socket married to an all steel ersatz hilt and grip. All three scabbard bodies are identical, however, a different throat insert was used to match the blade of each conversion.

Here is another shot of the same grouping showing the scabbard throats.

Pictured are four bayonets for the Russian Model 1891 Three-line Rifle. The two bayonets in the center are Austro-Hungarian manufactured ersatz bayonets. Note the slight differences in the socket length, the elbow dimensions and the length of the blades. The two outside bayonets are standard Russian issue.

Here is a detailed shot of the mounting slots of a standard Russian bayonet compared to the Austro-Hungarian produced ersatz pattern. The Austro-Hungarian ersatz bayonet is easily identified by the straight mounting slot. Russian bayonets were produced with zigzag slots requiring a rotation of the bayonet to allow the front sight base to track the slot when mounting the bayonet on the rifle. Both patterns incorporated locking rings to firmly attach the bayonet to the rifle.

This photo shows the difference in the configurations of the elbow between the Russian issue bayonet on the right and the Austro-Hungarian version on the left. Note the difference in the termination point of the fluting of the two blades.

This photo shows the location of the markings on two different Austro-Hungarian ersatz bayonets. The bayonet on the left is marked with a double-headed Imperial eagle, while the bayonet on the right is marked E.A.IX, which stands for Erzeugungs.Abteilung IX. This in turn translates as Production Department 9. This is the department within the Artilleriezeug-Fabrik Plant, more commonly referred to simply as AZF, which produced the majority of these bayonets. The slight differences found within the population of surviving examples of this ersatz bayonet confirm it manufacture by a variety of different firms.

Here is a detailed shot of the double-headed Imperial eagle. The serial number of this bayonet is also partially visible. Some of these bayonets are found with both the Imperial eagle as well as the E.A. IX marking, while other examples have only one mark or the other

This photo shows a close up of the E.A. IX marking from the AZF plant.

Here is a shot of the straight slot Austro-Hungarian bayonet mounted on a captured M91 Three-line rifle.


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